Both the Front Squat and the Back Squat are great movements. Selecting which movement to use depends on training goals, overall joint/muscle stiffness, and prior or current injuries.
Front squats have greater erector spinae involvement. This allows a more upright posture and reduced lumbar shear forces.

Back Squats have greater gluteal involvement, but higher lumbar shear force potential.

Front squat have lower compressive forces at the knee compared to the back squat.

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💥Front Squat vs Back Squat💥 – Both are great movements. Selecting which movement to use depends on training goals, overall joint/muscle stiffness, and prior or current injuries. – 📚Front squats have greater erector spinae involvement. This allows a more upright posture and reduced lumbar shear forces. – 📚Back Squats have greater gluteal involvement, but higher lumbar shear force potential. – 📚Front squat have lower compressive forces at the knee compared to the back squat. – Other consideration is sport specificity. Ex: powerlifters may gravitate toward back squats since it’s one of their competition lifts; and Olympic weightlifters may gravitate toward the front squat since that is the position that is required during the clean and jerk! – Written By @dr.giardina.dpt – Reference: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bc7c/48be4156f5f42b0add032b509c23c88681f6.pdf

A post shared by Dr. Stefanie Cohen, DPT (@steficohen) on

Other consideration is sport specificity. Ex: powerlifters may gravitate toward back squats since it’s one of their competition lifts; and Olympic weightlifters may gravitate toward the front squat since that is the position that is required during the clean and jerk!

Written By @dr.giardina.dpt –
Reference:
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bc7c/48be4156f5f42b0add032b509c23c88681f6.pdf

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